A report by the Institut Montaigne recommends establishing preparatory courses in working-class neighborhoods


The Institut Montaigne formulates recommendations to support youth from priority urban policy neighborhoods (QPV). One of them proposes the creation of more preparatory courses in working-class neighbourhoods.

in a report entitled “The future is played in poor neighborhoods”Institut Montaigne, an independent think tank dedicated to public policy, details 31 measures. “Sustainably improving the living conditions of those living in the priority neighborhoods of the city policy (QPV)”. Many of these measures are related to the education and professional integration of young people from these neighborhoods.

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1. Increase “multi-university” sectors to increase social diversity

Tried since 2017 in the three sectors of the Académie de Paris, the principle of the multiple college sector consists of initially creating unequal pairs of public colleges in social composition and then balancing things by appointing students of all origins in each. two organizations. Multi-college sectors are based on the “rotational promotion” method: all students of the same generation in the sector, regardless of social origin, find themselves posted to the same college and study there from grade 6 to grade 3. . In even-numbered years, for example, college A deals only with grades 6 and 4, while college B deals with grades 5 and 3. And vice versa in strange years. The aim of this measure, the first results of which are as follows; “encouraging” According to a February 2021 report, it is to promote social diversity at two colleges in the industry by preventing top students from going to private institutions in search of a better level. The solution tested in Paris constitutes “a promising way to promote social diversity in public secondary education when the population density is high enough and the urban fabric is sufficiently diversified”.

2. Introduce a compulsory system of tutoring from 2nd year to first job holder

This measure will benefit every young person from a disadvantaged background, both urban and rural. Instructors will be students in higher education or working professionals. The report is pleased that Collectif Mentorat, which brings together 64 associations, brings together tens of thousands of trainers and supports an average of 30,000 young people per year. The authors contemplate three possibilities for the management of the system: State piloting to combine the Ministries of Education, Higher Education, Labor and Employment, private piloting at the occupational level, or management by associations. For a total cost of several million Euros over several years.

3. Open preparatory classes for Grandes Ecoles in high schools in working-class neighborhoods

A very small minority in elective courses, young people from working-class neighborhoods, are over-represented in vocational training for reasons of education level, but also because of lack of knowledge and opportunity. The report therefore proposes to initially open 1,000 preparatory places in QPV’s high schools at an estimated annual cost of 75 million euros over a five-year period, which does not take into account the possible construction of new infrastructures. There are 85,000 preparatory students in France today. As these neighborhoods bring together 8% of the population, the report aims to create 8,000 prep places by the end.

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4. Invest an additional €40m per year in university homework assistance

This effort will be part of the “Homework Complete” system, which has been enabling college students to benefit from more advanced educational support since 2017. Government figures for 2021 show that 43% of middle school students in working-class neighborhoods are supported by this device, suggesting the report should be preferred for grades 6 and 5. And now €58.5 million per year is allocated to the Devoirs Faits program. Institut Montaigne wants to gradually double this amount over the next five years, bringing its total cost to 200 million Euros, an additional investment of 40 million Euros each year. And 80% of college students in these neighborhoods should be tracked by the device in the long run.

5. Involve 250,000 young people through sport by Paris 2024

The report highlights the underinvestment of the State in sports equipment, with reference to the low number of sports licenses relative to population density or the overrepresentation of certain sports, particularly football. In view of the 2024 Olympic Games, the authors specifically invite to use the additional credits allocated to the sport to reinvest vacant buildings. They also support the idea of ​​a Grenelle for integration through sport, championed by elected officials and professionals at the start of 2021. “to build an ambitious sports policy in the neighborhoods”.