More than 110 dead in new tribal violence in Darfur

More than 110 people have been killed in new tribal conflicts in Darfur in recent days, a tribal leader in this part of western Sudan said on Monday.

New clashes broke out last week between the non-Arab tribe of Gimir and the Arab tribe of Rizeigat in the Kolbous region, about 160 kilometers south of West Darfur’s capital, El-Geneina.

It was the land dispute between a member of Rizeigat and another member of Gmir that fueled the violence. Ibrahim Hachem, one of the leaders of the Gimir tribe, told AFP that more than 110 people, mostly from the Gimir tribe, were killed and 17 villages burned in the ongoing clashes on Monday. According to him, “many” other members of Gimir have been missing since the beginning of the conflict. Three of the villages were burned on Monday.

UN envoy Volker Perthes said he was “appalled” by the violence in Kolbous. “The cycle of violence in Darfur is unacceptable and highlights root causes that need to be addressed,” he said on Twitter.

frequent violence

West Darfur state, an arid region bordering Chad, has seen deadly violence in recent months. More than 200 people were killed in clashes between Arab communities and the Massalite minority in the Krink region in April. According to the UN, more than 125,000 people were displaced during the violence. A month ago, at least 45 people were killed in a fight between Fallata, an ethnic African minority, and the Rizeigat Arab community in southern Darfur.

Darfur’s vast region was devastated by a civil war that began in 2003 between the Arab-majority Omar al-Bashir regime and ethnic minority rebels condemned discrimination. According to the UN, around 300,000 people died in the first years of the violence and around 2.5 million were displaced.

Omar al-Bashir, who was overthrown and imprisoned in 2019, sent Janjaweed armed militia made up of Arab nomads to quell the rebellion. Janjaweed is accused of committing atrocities in Darfur. These militias have been joined by the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) by thousands in recent years, led by General Mohammed Hamdane Daglo, who has been number two in military strength since the October 2021 coup in Khartoum.

Safe vacuum

According to experts, the violence in Darfur in recent months – the looting of UN bases, tribal wars, gun attacks and rapes – has been fueled by the security vacuum created by military commander General Abdel Fattah al-Burhane’s coup attempt in Khartoum. .

Emerging in 2019 from the thirty-year military-Islamist dictatorship of General Omar al-Bashir, which was overthrown in the wake of a popular uprising, Sudan continues to sink into political and economic collapse.

Being one of the poorest countries in the world, the country lost its international aid, ie 40% of its income, in retaliation for the coup. Moreover, the Sudanese pound has collapsed and Sudan is in the grip of inflation that exceeds 300% every month.

Despite an agreement signed in 2020 between authorities in Khartoum and the main rebel groups, including those in Darfur, many weapons still circulate in Darfur, which has been mired in violence.

More than 110 people have been killed in new tribal conflicts in Darfur in recent days, a tribal leader in this part of western Sudan said on Monday. The Arabian tribe of Gimir and the Arabian tribe of Rizeigat in the region…