“The last news of the lie”: the truth in all its forms

Anne-Cécile Robert, a journalist with expertise in African and European institutions, publishes an article. fake latest newsdeciphering the way truth hides behind deceptive figures, preconceived ideas, linguistic manipulations, or “alternative” facts.

The National Center for Textual and Lexical Resources defines reality as: “Information that is considered fair, relevant, and of absolute, ultimate value”. This depiction, which stinks of sanctification, has all the limitations and distortions that Anne-Cécile Robert tries to embody in her essay “Ana-Cécile Robert.” fake latest news. Under your pen, we’re pretty close Dead Poets Society : “Truth is like a very small blanket. You can shoot from all sides, your feet are always cold. » even Return of the Jedi : “Most of the truths we have depend, first of all, on our own point of view.”

Make no mistake: journalist Diplomatic World it is in no way intended to demonize the concept of truth. On the contrary, he shows himself so attached to it that he regrets his numerous violations, whether apparent or implied, absolute or partial. Pierre Bourdieu (on TV) or Serge Halimi (New Watchdogs) identified how journalism in their time misled the principles of objectivity and impartiality that underlie reality. Anne-Cécile Robert follows in their footsteps, for example, by setting out the context that governs a televised debate. Who chooses the guests and according to what criteria? Who distributes the speech and manages its duration? Before it can be discussed, a fact must be established, or at least stated. But his concern is necessarily built through bonuses. “Take the example of juvenile delinquency. From an accounting perspective (the number of facts reported) and a focus on victims’ testimonies, it can lead to a security narrative that justifies controls and police repression. When analyzed in terms of the social decline of certain populations and inequalities in access to culture or employment, outreach in neighborhoods can lead to policies to support educators. »

Anne-Cécile Robert’s article revolves around lies like butterflies around a lamppost. From the ignorance of Mercator, from acquired dogmatism to fallacies, from neoliberal singular thought to misleading economic indicators, he demonstrates the plurality of the essayist, and sometimes his systematism. Reflection is taken a step further by the evocation of Machiavelli, Emmanuel Kant, Benjamin Constant or René Descartes. The first three questioned the relevance or justification of the lie, while the last taught methodical skepticism that allowed one to approach the truth. However, Cartesian uncertainty should not be confused with the unconditional doubt enjoyed by the conspirators. “Often faced with a dramatic event, the conspiracy rejects any explanation connected to chance and refuses to acknowledge that certain questions have yet to be answered. They look for reasons and are often the culprits. It assumes that the truth is specifically hidden by power. It is an ancient phenomenon that usually occurs in times of crisis, war or epidemic. Conspiracy theories also feed on real lies coming out of the mouths of the ruling classes. »

what exactly are these “true lies told by the ruling classes” ? Anne-Cécile Robert casually conveys the weapons of mass destruction of the Iraq war, the mask incident in France, Kellyanne Conway’s alternative realities, the “Horseshoe” plan, and the right-wing policies carried out in her name. Left… But the circumstances that heralded the lie become even more convoluted. Orwellian Newspeak is one of them: it applies to economic theories, undermines Keynesian assumptions, hinders a fair conceptual construction, and contributes to the collapse of thought. And the author remembers very simply that speaking only in the present means erasing the past and depriving oneself of the future. Lying is also done through negligence. These are raw figures devoid of contextual elements. It is a statistical and mathematical organization rather than a field research or sociological analysis.

In 2016, the Oxford dictionary determined this term. post-truth as word of the year. irrevocably associated with Donald Trump New York Times systematically identified lies, post-truth consequences, at least in part, from social networks. In this context, Anne-Cécile Robert specifically states: “Algorithms contribute to the atomization of reality. The so-called “filter bubbles” (filter bubble) refers to the personalization of information transmitted to a user by search engines and social networks according to the data collected about him; they also denote “a state of intellectual and cultural isolation”. [l’individu] According to the Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF), the information he seeks on the internet finds itself when it results from an unwitting personalization”. » In other words, on Facebook as on Twitter, confirmation bias imposes itself in a kind of echo chamber where the clash of ideas tends to disappear.

fake latest news It is a long walk in the shadow of truth. Anne-Cécile Robert places her text at the heart of a burning contemporary, along with some literary and philosophical underpinnings. The author shows how figures, certain technical data, simplification schemes, the adoption of a limited viewpoint, or even the use of a certain lexical field can lead to falsification of truth. And sometimes it undermines any attempt at conversation.other. “We are moving from automatized facts and fragmented narratives to their easily nontransmissible and conflicting discourses. The proliferation of certain truths leads, at best, to a dialogue-free coexistence, but it can also naturally misunderstand the other and push everyone back into their own truth. Facts may be related or congruent, but not always. Sometimes they turn out to be contradictory. Then everyone sticks to their position and grows their own garden. The problem of lies is transformed: everyone who sees the world from their point of view believes it regulates reality. »

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fake latest newsAnne Cecile Robert
Lux, February 2021, 224 pages